Pythagoras was born in 570 BC in Samos, as son of a merchant. Brought up in his youth by the famous statesman and natural philosopher Thales of Miletus, he went to Egypt, where he remained for two decades and probably passed through all the initiations. Then he traveled to Babylon, Persia, and possibly to India. After his return to Samos, he became a teacher of the son of Polycrates, the ruler of Samos at the time. Around the year 530 BC Pythagoras emigrated to Croton, and gathered hundreds of followers who admired him like a god even during his life time.

The Pythagorean  Association that he founded is a School in which sciences, philosophy and religion were taught. Pythagoras was also the first to allow women to the initiations. He taught that the numbers are the essence of all things and harmony was the law of the universe. Man is a child and heir of God. His soul is immortal and lives only for a while in this earthly body where it ia cleaned and perfected. The only validation the Pythagoreans had was the correlation of her will with the Divine. They were masters of the art, to be guided from within and were aware of the presence of the daimon, the genius, the inner helper and leader at all time. They knew how to keep their hearts free from grief and worry, to trust the guiding from within and to always, equally serene and calm, remain conscious of their being one with the eternal. They payed attention to temperance and naturalness of their food and gave up stimulants and meat.

His students accredit him with a great charisma and considerable skills. He is said to have listened to the movement of the stars and to express it in music. In the evening he cleansed the spirit of his students from the excitements of the day and calmed the current of thoughts through his music.

Even though Pythagoras’ political way consisted of “non-interference” and the “victory of non-Resist” soon his school was a significant political factor. In509 BC when he refused to take in the tyrant Cylon, he incited the people of Crotona against him which destroyed houses and apartments of the fraternity. After that Pythagoras moved his school to Metaponto, where he worked for 12 more years. His school existed for another hundred years and had great influence on the whole spirit of the ancient landscape. Not only   Socrates, Plotinus, Augustine and Paul (To name only the most famous) were familiar with his teachings. Also the Essenes with their most prominent pupil Jesus Christ and the Christians took over elements of the Pythagorean school.

“God is pulsating in all beings, we are one with God, because one with God. Man [Note: Microcosm] is as a small picture of the universe [Note: macrocosm], the measure of all things. When it comes to self-knowledge he awakens to the consciousness of the universe and the knowledge of his guide , the God. “

Historical places at the time of Pytagore

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