Mystics

Laotse

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Chinese philosopher, who, following the records, is responsible for the Taoist book “Tao Te Ching” which probably originated around 300 BC. About his person only contradictory or obviously contrived information is found in Chinese literature. The legend has it that Laotse was fathered by a beam light, when his mother was already 72 years. She bore him out under a plum tree out of her armpit. Even when he was born he had white hair, was already talking and took the name of the tree as a family name. Through magic he knew how to prolong his life. Finally, he rode west on a black buffalo. At the border pass a guard asked him to record his teachings. Laotse wrote a book of 5,000 words gave it to the guards and disappeared. The book consists of 81 short, sometimes rhyming sections. The awards revolve around the “Tao”, the foundation of the world, which manifests itself in nature and human life, and the “Te”, the radiating force that the wise can draw by contemplative absorption in the Tao. [...] 

Hermes Trismegistus (Thoth)

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The Egyptian Hermes Trismegistus probably lived and worked at the beginning of the old empire lived (3400-2100 BC). Among the sciences which he founded are mathematics, astronomy, physics, medicine and also alchemy. A total of 42 writings are attributed to him. In one of them his awakening to the cosmic consciousness is described: After a long meditation on the nature and origin of being the eye of the spirit of glaring light and darkness presented itself to him. and the origin of all life was shown to him. After this experience he began to preach to the people the message of liberation through devotion to God. [...] 

Gangaji

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Antoinette Varner was born in 1942 in Texas and grew up in Mississippi. In 1964 she received her degree from the University of Mississippi, married and gave birth to a daughter. In 1972 she moved to San Francisco, and began to explore deeper levels of her being. In her personal search for truth Gangaji walked a long path of spirituality. She took the vows of a Bodhisattva, practiced Zen and Vipassana meditation and helped with the guidance of a Tibetan Buddhist meditation center. [...] 

Osho

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“Rajneesh” Chandra Mohan Jain was born on December 11th 1931 in Kuchwada, a small village in Madhya Pradesh (India) as the eldest of eleven children of a cloth merchant and then raised the first seven years by his grandparents.  Through the death of his grandfather and his cousin Rajneesh was confronted with death at an early age and his late teenage years were marked by melancholy, depression and chronic headaches. During this time he walked about 15 to 25 km a day and often meditated to exhaustion. [...] 

Sri Chinmoy

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was born in 1931 into a wealthy and religious family in East Bengal. His six siblings were all in the Sri Aurobindo Ashram in Pondicherry, where the 12 year old Chinmoy followed them after the death of their parents. After a few weeks he had spent with work in the ashram kitchen, he saw the Nirvikalpa Samadhi, the experience of the Absolute, which made him realize that he had been a yogi already in a previous existence with a high degree of inner realization and recognition.
He remained  in the ashram for 20 years, where he perfected his mind through intense meditation, enhanced and stabilized, to also be able to maintain it in daily life. In 1964 he followed an inspiration to New York where he still lives with a growing number of students. [...] 

Georg Gurdjieff

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George Gurdjieff went to Central Asia at the end of the 19th Century in search of ancient, magical knowledge and was initiated into the various traditions. As Gurdjieff returned to the West, he founded his own school and at Fontainebleau, the “Institute for the harmonic development of the people” who were taught in the various exercises and dances of the dervishes tradition. His goal was to wake people from their unnatural “state of sleep.” In almost all the larger German towns and cities today there are Gurdjieff exercise groups, which interested can join. [...] 

Ibn Arabi

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Ibn Arabi (gest. 1240), beschreibt den ganzen Kosmos als von Gott geschaffen, um sich seiner selbst bewusst zu werden. So wie sich Gott der Welt zugeneigt hat, strebt die ganze Schöpfung, jedes Mineral, jedes Tier, jeder Dschinn, jeder Mensch und jeder Engel nach Gott, um an seinem umfassenden Bewusstsein teilzuhaben. Gott lässt sich darum weniger in der äußeren Schöpfung finden, sondern muss im Inneren, im Meer der Seele ergründet werden. Jede Kultur, jede Religion bietet für den einzelnen Menschen Wege, durch die sich das Göttliche offenbaren kann. Im Sufismus geht es nicht darum, religiöse Traditionen aufrecht zu erhalten, sondern darum, in Gott zu verschmelzen. Die Sufi-Erfahrung liegt letztendlich jenseits aller Worte. (Georges Shanteem) [...] 

Suhrawardi

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Many Islamic mystics fall back on patterns of cosmologies pre-Islamic schools. For example, Suhra-wardi who was executed in 1234 as a heretic. He created an interpretation of the Koran which says that we are human beings of light that are separated by multiple mental worlds of our Creator. Now it is time to embark on the perilous journey through these worlds to get back to our true home. (Georges Shanteem) [...] 

Al Ghazali

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An important representative of Sufism was al-Ghazali (born about 1058, died 1111), also a Persian, who was one of the first who arranged his ideas to a mystical system. The largest Sunni theologian divided up the system of moderate mysticism of Sufism into the orthodox Islam. Originated as a legal scholars he realized one day that he could actually find God with living a renouncing worldly life. He therefore gave up his professorship at the University of Baghdad, to spend many years in seclusion as a wandering dervish. He left the world many religious and spiritual writings and even managed to reconcile orthodoxy a Sufism for a while and a bit of both systems closer together. By softening the radical asceticism of the early Sufis and systematization of Sufi body of thought  al-Ghazali was significant to the general recognition of Sufism in Islam. He rejected a rigid dogma and taught the way to an awareness of God, which comes from the heart. One central point for al-Ghazali was his work on the “subtle heart”. Following the doctrine of al-Ghazali people have an “ethereal Heart” in their breasts, which is home to the world of angels. This organ is guest in the material world and tells the people the way back to paradise. [...] 

Jaladin Rubi

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In the twelfth century Rumi was born Jalaludinin, which lies in the modern day Afghanistan. He is considered one of the greatest Sufi Saints ever. The Matnawi, his masterpiece, a mystical double rhyme poem with more than 25,000 verses, is of such force, that his re-citation puts people in a peculiar enthusiasm. Rumi says that man is caught in the  conditioning that he needs to break out from on his way to God. In many equations and images Rumi gives insight into the mystical experiences and also repeatedly describes exercises and games in which people can enter these states of being themselves. (Georges Shanteem) [...] 

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